Now, that the crypto coins and blockchains grow in acceptance and popularity, the scalability of the crypto networks is a growing issue, as the blockchains of the largest cryptocurrencies may not be prepared to handle as many transactions as they would require. This rapid increase in the number of cryptocurrencies holders over the past year has resulted in Ethereum (ETH) blockchain to clog up and the fees charged by it to rise. The solution would be Ethereum (ETH) sharding.
Therefore, the application of certain scalability measures put forward by the ETH developer, Vitalik Buterin, toward the community grew in priority. Thus, Vitalik Buterin, the founder and the leading developer of Ethereum (ETH), indicated today they will perform a Proof of Concept (PoC) based on sharding the network.
The sharding proposal to overcome this issue means the “repartition” of the blockchain among the net’s nodes. This means that every node can only approve a portion of the transactions.
Ethereum (ETH) sharding will improve the speed of the network
By allocating the approval of new blocks by this procedure means, Ethereum (ETH) network is able to significantly improve the processing of the network transactions. While the current protocol handles a new block every 12 to 15 seconds, via sharding the nodes it will process new blocks once every 2 to 8 seconds.
Even though the GitHub trial script has only 4 shards, Ethereum (ETH) team is expecting to be over 100 shards by the time it is deployed in the main blockchain.
Furthermore, Buterin argues that this backup chain will run on a PoS interface which will be tied to the primary Ethereum (ETH) blockchain, for the time being, but, when the Casper protocol will be completely deployed, the backup network should be completely incorporated into the primary ETH network.
With the complete and effective deployment of this Ethereum (ETH) sharding protocol, Ethereum (ETH) will be capable of handling many more transactions than it is able of processing at the moment. As a result, the different decentralized projects, that have been made famous under the name of CryptoKitties, will not negatively impact on the blockchain performance anymore.